Your sewing projects are important to you, which is exactly why furthering your knowledge is a critical aspect of your overall improvement. Understanding fabric grain can help you enhance your sewing skills, and achieve the level of stitching and embroidery you’ve been working toward all these years.
Continue reading to learn more about the different types of fabric grains and how they should influence your sewing projects.
The Importance of Following Fabric Grain
Virtually all fabrics are materials made from weaving together a series of threads. Any thread-woven fabric has an attribute called fabric grain, or grain lines. This is important to sewing because the fabric grain affects how the material moves when drawn. Depending on the type of fabric grain, your sewing technique may vary.
Working against the fabric grain can result in ill-fitting and improperly draped garments since the fabric is not manufactured to move in the opposite direction. If you want to produce quality work for your sewing projects, it is vital to understand fabric grain. A good place to start is learning how to find it on your material.
How to Find the Fabric Grain
Locating the fabric grain is simple. For starters, most materials will instantly warn you if you sew along the bias or cut against the grain by curling, warping, or puckering at the seams. However, it is wise to locate the direction of the fabric grain before you begin your sewing project. To do this, simply pull on the material in all directions. The direction that gave the least resistance to stretching is the natural direction of the grain lines.
Common Types of Fabric Grain
There are three common types of grain lines. These include lengthwise, crosswise, and bias fabric grains. Lengthwise fabric grains, also known as the fabric’s “warp”, are grain lines that run along the length of the material, and parallel to the selvage of the material. Crosswise grain lines run perpendicular to the selvage of the fabric. And bias fabric grains run at a 45 degree angle to the lengthwise and crosswise grain of the fabric.